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Medical Policy

View policy, review requirements, and criteria for new technologies, devices and procedures. Use this information to provide Blue Shield members with the highest standard of evidence-based medical care that is safe and effective.

Find a medical policy for your patients who are out-of-area Blue Plan members.

Index

File Name
1A Women’s Preventive Services [Pre-USPSTF]
1B Preventive Health Services [Post USPSTF (Including Women’s Preventive)]
Ablation Procedures for Peripheral Neuromas
Actigraphy
Acute and Maintenance Tocolysis
Accelerated Breast Irradiation and Brachytherapy Boost After Breast-Conserving Surgery for Early-Stage Breast Cancer
Adipose-Derived Stem Cells in Autologous Fat Grafting to the Breast
Adoptive Immunotherapy
Adjustable Cranial Orthoses for Positional Plagiocephaly and Craniosynostoses
Alcohol Injections for Treatment of Peripheral Neuromas
Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Myelodysplastic Syndromes and Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
Allogeneic Pancreas Transplant
Ambulatory Event Monitors and Mobile Cardiac Outpatient Telemetry
Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Myelodysplastic Syndromes and Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
Amniotic Membrane and Amniotic Fluid
Analysis of Human DNA in Stool Samples as a Technique for Colorectal Cancer Screening
Analysis of MGMT Promoter Methylation in Malignant Gliomas
Antigen Leukocyte Antibody Test
Aqueous Shunts and Stents for GlaucomaAqueus_Shunts_Stnts
Artificial Pancreas Device Systems
Assays of Genetic Expression in Tumor Tissue as a Technique to Determine Prognosis in Patients with Breast Cancer
Auditory Brainstem Implant
Autografts and Allografts in the Treatment of Focal Articular Cartilage Lesions
Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation for Focal Articular Cartilage Lesions
Autologous Platelet-Derived Growth Factors for Wound Healing and Other Non‒Orthopedic Conditions
Automated Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring for Diagnosis of Hypertension in Patients with Elevated Office Blood Pressure
Automated Point-of-Care Nerve Conduction Tests
Autonomic Nervous System Testing
Balloon Ostial Dilation for Treatment of Chronic Sinusitis
Bariatric Surgery DRAFT
Baroreflex Stimulation Devices
BCR-ABL1 Testing in Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia and Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Behavioral Health Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorders
Beta-Amyloid Imaging with Positron Emission Tomography for Alzheimer’s Disease
Bio Engineered Skin and Soft Tissue Substitutes
Biofeedback as a Treatment of Chronic Pain
Biofeedback as a Treatment of Urinary Incontinence in Adults
Biofeedback as a Treatment of Fecal Incontinence or Constipation
Biofeedback as a Treatment of Headache
Biofeedback for Miscellaneous Indications
Bioimpedance Devices for Detection and Management of Lymphedema
Biventricular Pacemakers (Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy) for the Treatment of Heart Failure
Blepharoplasty, Blepharoptosis Repair (Levator Resection) and Brow Lift (Repair of Brow Ptosis)
Blood Glucose Monitors(Glucometers)
Bone Mineral Density Studies
Bone Morphogenetic Protein
Bone Turnover Markers for the Diagnosis and Management of Osteoporosis and Diseases Associated With High Bone Turnover
Brachytherapy for Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer Using Permanently Implanted Seeds
BRAF Gene Mutation Testing to Select Melanoma Patients for BRAF Inhibitor Targeted Therapy
Breast Implant Management
Bronchial Thermoplasty
Cardiac Applications of Positron Emission Tomography Scanning
Cardiac Hemodynamic Monitoring for the Management of Heart Failure in the Outpatient Setting
Cardiac Rehabilitation in the Outpatient Setting
Cardiovascular Risk Panels
Carrier Testing for Genetic Diseases
Catheter Ablation for Cardiac Arrhythmias
Catheter Ablation as Treatment for Atrial Fibrillation
Cellular Immunotherapy for Prostate Cancer
Cerebrospinal Fluid and Urinary Biomarkers of Alzheimer Disease
Cervical Spine Surgery
Charged-Particle (Proton or Helium Ion) Radiotherapy for Neoplastic Conditions
Chelation Therapy for Off-Label Uses
Chemical Peels
Chromoendoscopy as an Adjunct to Colonoscopy
Chromosomal Microarray Analysis for the Evaluation of Pregnancy Loss
Chronic Intermittent Intravenous Insulin Therapy
Circulating Tumor DNA and Circulating Tumor Cells for Cancer Management (Liquid Biopsy)
Cleft Palate - Dental Related Services
Closure Devices for Patent Foramen Ovale and Atrial Septal Defects
Cochlear Implant
Cognitive Rehabilitation
Composite Tissue Allotransplantation of the Hand and Face
Computed Tomography to Detect Coronary Artery Calcification
Computed Tomography Perfusion Imaging of the Brain
Computer-Aided Evaluation of Malignancy With Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Breast
Computer-Assisted Navigation for Orthopedic Procedure
Computerized 2-Lead Resting Electrocardiogram Analysis for the Diagnosis of Coronary Artery Disease
Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy
Continuous or Intermittent Monitoring of Glucose in Interstitial Fluid
Continuous Passive Motion in the Home Setting
Contrast-Enhanced Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography for Coronary Artery Evaluation
Cooling Devices Used in the Outpatient Setting
Corneal Collogen Cross-Linking
Corneal Topography/Computer-Assisted Corneal Topography/ Photokeratoscopy
Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation and Auricular Electrostimulation
Cryosurgical Ablation of Miscellaneous Solid Tumors Other Than Liver, Prostate, or Dermatologic Tumors
Cryosurgical Ablation of Primary or Metastatic Liver Tumors
Cytochrome p450 Genotyping
Cytoreductive Surgery and Perioperative Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy for Select Intra-Abdominal and Pelvic Malignancies
Deep Brain Stimulation
Dental Anesthesia
Dermatologic Applications of Photodynamic Therapy
Diagnosis and Medical Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome 
Digital Breast Tomosynthesis
Discography
DNA-Based Testing for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
Dopamine Transporter Imaging with Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography
Drug Eluting Stents
Drug Testing in Pain Management and Substance Abuse Treatment
Dry Needling of Myofascial Trigger Points
Dynamic Posturography
Dynamic Spinal Visualization
Elective Revascularization Utilizing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Non-Acute, Stable Coronary Artery Disease
Electrical Bone Growth Stimulation of the Appendicular Skeleton
Electrical Stimulation of the Spine as an Adjunct to Spinal Fusion Procedures
Electrical Stimulation for the Treatment of Arthritis
Electrocardiographic Body Surface Mapping
Electromagnetic Navigation Bronchoscopy
Electromyography and Nerve Conduction Studies
Electronic Brachytherapy for Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer
Electrostimulation and Electromagnetic Therapy for Treating Wounds
Endobronchial Brachytherapy
Endobronchial Valves
Endobronchial Ultrasound for Diagnosis and Staging of Lung Cancer
Endometrial Ablation
Endoscopic Radiofrequency Ablation or Cryoablation for Barrett Esophagus
Endothelial Keratoplasty
Endovascular Procedures for Intracranial Arterial Disease (Atherosclerosis and Aneurysms)
Endovascular Stent Grafts for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms
Endovascular Stent Grafts for Disorders of the Thoracic Aorta
Endovascular Therapies for Extracranial Vertebral Artery Disease
Enhanced External Counterpulsation
Epidural Spine Injections
Esophageal pH Monitoring
Expanded Molecular Panel Testing of Cancers to Identify Targeted Therapies
External Insulin Infusion Pump
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Adult Conditions
Extracorporeal Photopheresis
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Treatment for Plantar Fasciitis and Other Musculoskeletal Conditions
Extracranial Carotid Artery Stenting
Eyelid Thermal Pulsation for the Treatment of Dry Eye Syndrome
Facet Arthroplasty
Fecal Analysis in the Diagnosis of Intestinal Dysbiosis
Fecal Calprotectin Testing
Fecal Microbiota Transplantation
Focal Treatments for Prostate Cancer
Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Chronic Rhinosinusitis
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain
Functional Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation
Gastric Electrical Stimulation
Gene Expression Profiling and Protein Biomarkers for Prostate Cancer Management
Gene Expression Profiling for Uveal Melanoma
Gene Expression-Based Assays for Cancers of Unknown Primary
Gene Expression Testing in the Evaluation of Patients With Stable Ischemic Heart Disease
General Approach to Evaluating the Utility of Genetic Panels
General Approach to Genetic Testing
Genetic and Protein Biomarkers for the Diagnosis and Cancer Risk Assessment of Prostate Cancer
Genetic Testing for Alzheimer Disease
Genetic Testing of CADASIL Syndrome
Genetic Testing for Alpha1-Antitrypsin Deficiency
Genetic Cancer Susceptibility Panels Using Next-Generation Sequencing
Genetic Testing for Alpha Thalassemia
Genetic Testing for Cardiac Ion Channelopathies
Genetic Testing for CHARGE Syndrome
Genetic Testing for Cystic Fibrosis
Genetic Testing, Including Chromosomal Microarray Analysis and Next-Generation Sequencing Panels, for the Evaluation of Developmental Delay/Intellectual Disability, Autism Spectrum Disorder, and/or Congenital Anomalies
Genetic Testing for Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Genetic Testing for Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophy
Genetic Testing for Epilepsy
Genetic Testing for Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy
Genetic Testing for Familial Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma
Genetic Testing for Fanconi Anemia
Genetic Testing for FLT3, NPM1, and CEBPA Mutations in Cytogenetically Normal Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Genetic Testing for FMR1 Mutations (Including Fragile X Syndrome)
Genetic Testing for Hereditary Breast/Ovarian Cancer Syndrome (BRCA1 or BRCA2)
Genetic Testing for Hereditary Hearing Loss
Genetic Testing for Hereditary Hemochromatosis
Genetic Testing for Hereditary Pancreatitis
Genetic Testing for Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia
Genetic Testing for Inherited Thrombophilia
Genetic Testing for Lactase Insufficiency
Genetic Testing for Li-Fraumeni Syndrome
Genetic Testing for Lipoprotein(a) Variant(s) as a Decision Aid for Aspirin Treatment
Genetic Testing for Lynch Syndrome and Other Inherited Colon Cancer Syndromes
Genetic Testing for Macular Degeneration
Genetic Testing for Marfan Syndrome, Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms and Dissections, and Related Disorders
Genetic Testing for Mental Health Conditions
Genetic Testing of Mitochondrial Disorders
Genetic Testing for the Diagnosis of Inherited Peripheral Neuropathies
Genetic Testing for Neurofibromatosis
Genetic Testing for Predisposition to Inherited Hypertropic Cardiomyopathy
Genetic Testing for PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndrome
Genetic Testing for Rett Syndrome
Genetic Testing for Statin-Induced Myopathy
Genetic Testing for Tamoxifen Treatment
Genetic Testing for Warfarin Dose
Gender Reassignment Surgery
Handheld Radiofrequency Spectroscopy for Intraoperative Assessment of Surgical Margins During Breast-Conserving Surgery
Heart-Lung Transplant
Heart Transplant
Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Autoimmune Diseases
Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors and Ependymoma
Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Primary Amyloidosis
Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Waldenström Macroglobulinemia
Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Epithelial Ovarian Cancer
Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in the Treatment of Germ Cell Tumors
Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Hodgkin Lymphoma
Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Miscellaneous Solid Tumors in Adults
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas
Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Plasma Cell Dyscrasias, Including Multiple Myeloma and POEMS Syndrome
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Solid Tumors of Childhood
High-Dose Rate Temporary Prostate Brachytherapy
Hippotherapy
Hip Resurfacing
Home Cardiorespiratory Monitoring
Homocysteine Testing in the Screening, Diagnosis, and Management of Cardiovascular Disease and Venous Thromboembolic Disease
Human Leukocyte Antigen Testing for Celiac Disease
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
Hysterectomy Surgery
Identification of Microorganisms Using Nucleic Acid Probes
Image-Guided Minimally Invasive Lumbar Decompression for Spinal Stenosis
Immune Cell Function Assay
Implantable Bone-Conduction and Bone-Anchored Hearing Aids
Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator
Implantable Infusion Pump for Pain and Spasticity
Implantable Sinus Stents for Postoperative Use Following Endoscopic Sinus Surgery and for Recurrent Sinus Disease
Implantation of Intrastromal Corneal Ring Segments
Ingestible pH and Pressure Capsule
Inhaled Nitric Oxide
Injectable Bulking Agents for the Treatment of Urinary and Fecal Incontinence
Injectable Clostridial Collagenase for Fibroproliferative Disorders
Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy Abdomen and Pelvis
Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy of the Breast and Lung
Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy of the Prostate
Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy: Cancer of the Head and Neck or Thyroid
Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy: Central Nervous System Tumors
Interferential Current Stimulation
Interim Positron Emission Tomography Scanning in Oncology to Detect Early Response During Treatment
Interspinous and Interlaminar Stabilization/Distraction Devices (Spacers)
Interspinous Fixation (Fusion) Devices
Interventions for Progressive Scoliosis
Intracavitary Balloon Catheter Brain Brachytherapy for Malignant Gliomas or Metastasis to the Brain
Intracellular Micronutrient Analysis
Intraocular Radiotherapy for Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Intraoperative Neurophysiologic Monitoring (Sensory-Evoked Potentials, Motor-Evoked Potentials, EEG Monitoring)
Intraoperative Radiotherapy
Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography (OTC) for Imaging of Coronary Arteries
Intravenous Anesthetics for the Treatment of Chronic Pain
Intravenous Antibiotic Therapy and Associated Diagnostic Testing for Lyme Disease
In Vitro Chemoresistance and Chemosensitivity Assays
Isolated Small Bowel Transplant
JAK2 and MPL Mutation Analysis in Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
Keratoprosthesis
Kidney Transplant
KIF6 Genotyping for Predicting Cardiovascular Risk and/or Effectiveness of Statin Therapy
Knee Braces
Knee Arthroplasty for Adults
KRAS, NRAS, and BRAF Mutation Analysis in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Laboratory Tests for Heart Transplant Rejection
Laboratory Testing for HIV Tropism
Laboratory and Genetic Testing for Use of 5-Fluorouracil in Patients with Cancer
Laparoscopic and Percutaneous Techniques for the Myolysis of Uterine Fibroids
Laser Treatment of Onychomycosis
Lifestyle Modification Program for Reversing Heart Disease
Light Therapy for Psoriasis
Light Therapy for Vitiligo
Liver Transplant
Low-Density Lipid Apheresis
Low-Level Laser Therapy
Lower Limb Prostheses
Lumbar Spine Surgery
Lung and Lobar Lung Transplant
Lung Volume Reduction Surgery for Severe Emphysema
Lysis of Epidural Adhesions
Magnetic Esophageal Sphincter Augmentation to Treat Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Detection and Diagnosis of Breast Cancer
Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Focused Ultrasound
Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Monitor the Integrity of Silicone Gel-Filled Breast Implants
Magnetic Resonance Imaging‒Targeted Biopsy of the Prostate
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Magnetoencephalography/Magnetic Source Imaging
Manipulation Under Anesthesia
Measurement of Exhaled Nitric Oxide and Exhaled Breath Condensate in the Diagnosis and Management of Respiratory Disorder
Measurement of Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2 in the Assessment of Cardiovascular Risk
Measurement of Serum Antibodies to Infliximab and Adalimumab
Mechanical Embolectomy for Treatment of Acute Stroke
Meniscal Allografts and Other Meniscal Implants
Microarray-Based Gene Expression Profile Testing for Multiple Myeloma Risk Stratification
Microprocessor-Controlled Prostheses for the Lower Limb
Microwave and Locoregional Laser Tumor Ablation
Minimally Invasive CABG, PACAB/PortCAB, MIDCAB
Miscellaneous (Noncardiac, Nononcologic) Applications of Fluorodeoxyglucose F 18 Positron Emission Tomography
Miscellaneous Genetic and Molecular Diagnostic Tests
Moderate Penetrance Variants Associated With Breast Cancer in Individuals at High Breast Cancer Risk
Molecular Analysis for Targeted Therapy of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer
Molecular Markers in Fine Needle Aspirates of the Thyroid
Monitored Anesthesia Care
Multigene Expression Assay for Predicitng Recurrence in Colon Cancer
Multimarker Serum Testing Related to Ovarian Cancer
Multispectral Digital Skin Lesion Analysis
Multitarget Polymerase Chain Reaction Testing for Diagnosis of Bacterial Vaginosis
Mutation Testing for Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophies
Myocardial Sympathetic Innervation Imaging in Patients With Heart Failure
Myoelectric Prosthetic Components for the Upper Limb
Negative Pressure Wound Therapy in the Outpatient Setting
Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Nerve Fiber Density Measurement
Nerve Graft With Radical Prostatectomy
Neural Therapy
Neurofeedback
Neuropsychological Testing
Noncontact Ultrasound Treatment for Wounds
Noninvasive Fetal RHD Genotyping Using Cell-Free Fetal DNA
Noninvasive Fractional Flow Reserve Using Computed Tomography Angiography
Noninvasive Prenatal Screening for Fetal Aneuploidies and Microdeletions Using Cell-Free Fetal DNA
Noninvasive Techniques for the Evaluation and Monitoring of Patients With Chronic Liver Disease
Nonpharmacologic Treatment of Rosacea
Novel Biomarkers in Risk Assessment and Management of Cardiovascular Disease
Nutrient/Nutritional Panel Testing
Occipital Nerve Stimulation
Occlusion of Uterine Arteries Using Transcatheter Embolization
Oncologic Applications of Photodynamic Therapy, Including Barrett Esophagus
Oncologic Applications of Positron Emission Tomography Scanning
Open and Thoracoscopic Approaches to Treat Atrial Fibrillation and Atrial Flutter (Maze and Related Procedures)
Ophthalmologic Techniques for Evaluating Glaucoma
Optical Coherence Tomography for Imaging of Coronary Arteries
Orthognathic Surgery
Orthopedic Applications of Platelet-Rich Plasma
Orthopedic Applications of Stem Cell Therapy (Including Allografts and Bone Substitutes Used with Autologous Bone Marrow)
Orthoptic Training for the Treatment of Vision or Learning Disabilities
Oscillatory Devices for the Treatment of Cystic Fibrosis and Other Respiratory Conditions
Osteochondral Autografts and Allografts in the Treatment of Focal Articular Cartilage Lesions
Outpatient Pulmonary Rehabilitation
Ovarian and Internal Iliac Vein Embolization as a Treatment of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome
Panniculectomy, Abdominoplasty, and Surgical Management of Diastasis Recti
Paraspinal Surface Electromyography to Evaluate and Monitor Back Pain
Paravertebral Facet Joint Denervation (Radiofrequency Neurolysis)
Paravertebral Facet Joint Injections or Blocks
PathFinderTG® Molecular Testing
Patient-Controlled End of Range Motion Stretching Devices
Patient-Specific Cutting Guides and Custom Knee Implants
Pelvic Floor Stimulation as a Treatment of Urinary and Fecal Incontinence
Percutaneous Balloon Kyphoplasty and Mechanical Vertebral Augmentation
Percutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation and Percutaneous Neuromodulation Therapy
Percutaneous Left Atrial Appendage Closure Devices for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation
Percutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation
Percutaneous Vertebroplasty and Sacroplasty
Peripheral Subcutaneous Field Stimulation
Periureteral Bulking Agents as a Treatment of Vesicoureteral Reflux
Peroral Endoscopic Myotomy for Treatment of Esophageal Achalasia
Personalized Breast Cancer Screening Clinical Trial
Pharmacogenomic and Metabolite Markers for Patients Treated with Thiopurines
Pharmacogenetic Testing for Pain Management
Photodynamic Therapy for Choroidal Neovascularization
Physical Therapy
Placental and Umbilical Cord Blood as a Source of Stem Cells
Plugs for Anal Fistula Repair
Pneumatic Compression Pumps for Treatment of Lymphedema and Venous Ulcers
Polysomnography for Non-Respiratory Sleep Disorders
Progenitor Cell Therapy for the Treatment of Damaged Myocardium due to Ischemia
Positional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Positron Emission Mammography
Postsurgical Home Use of Limb Compression Devices for Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis
Power Morcellation for the Treatment of Uterine Fibroids
Power Wheelchairs and Power Operated Vehicles for Permanent Use
Powered Exoskeleton for Ambulation in Patients With Lower-Limb Disabilities
Preimplantation Genetic Testing
Prolotherapy
Prophylactic Mastectomy
Prostatic Urethral Lift
Proteogenomic Testing for Patients with Cancer (GPS Cancer™ Test)
Proteomic Testing for Targeted Therapy in Non-Small-Cell Lung
Quantitative Assay for Measurement of HER2 Total Protein Expression and HER2 Dimers
Quantitative Electroencephalography as a Diagnostic Aid for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Quantitative Sensory Testing
Radioactive Seed Localization of Nonpalpable Breast Lesions
Radioembolization for Primary and Metastatic Tumors of the Liver
Radiofrequency Ablation of Miscellaneous Solid Tumors Excluding Liver Tumors
Radiofrequency Ablation of Peripheral Nerves to Treat Pain
Radiofrequency Ablation of Primary or Metastatic Liver Tumors
Radiofrequency Ablation of the Renal Sympathetic Nerves as a Treatment for Resistant Hypertension
Radioimmunoscintigraphy (Monoclonal Antibody Imaging) With Indium 111 Capromab Pendetide for Prostate Cancer
Reconstructive Services
Reduction Mammaplasty for Breast-Related Symptoms
Regional Sympathetic Blocks
Reproductive Techniques
Responsive Neurostimulation for the Treatment of Refractory Partial Epilepsy
Retinal Prosthesis
Retinal Telescreening for Diabetic Retinopathy
Sacral Nerve Neuromodulation/Stimulation
Sacroiliac Joint Injections
Saturation Biopsy for Diagnosis, Staging, and Management of Prostate Cancer
Scintimammography and Gamma Imaging of the Breast and Axilla
Screening for Vertebral Fracture with Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA)
Semi-Implantable and Fully Implantable Middle Ear Hearing Aids
Sensory Integration Therapy and Auditory Integration Therapy
Serum Biomarker Human Epididymis Protein 4
Serum Biomarker Panel Testing for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Simultaneous Pancreas and Kidney Transplantation
Small Bowel/Liver and Multivisceral Transplant
Speech Therapy
Spinal Cord Stimulation
Spine Surgery and Pain Management (summary of changes effective January 1, 2017)
ST2 Assay for Chronic Heart Failure and Heart Transplant Rejection
Stem-Cell Therapy for Peripheral Arterial Disease
Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy
Steroid Injections to the Knee and/or Shoulder 
Subtalar Arthroereisis
Surgery for Groin Pain in Athletes
Surgical Deactivation of Headache Trigger Sites
Surgical Treatment of Bilateral Gynecomastia
Surgical Treatment of Femoroacetabular Impingement
Surgical Treatment of Snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Surgical Ventricular Restoration
Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction
Testing Serum Vitamin D Levels
Thermography
Thoracic Spine Surgery
Total Artificial Hearts and Implantable Ventricular Assist Devices
Total Hip Arthroplasty for Adults
Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery
Transanal Radiofrequency Treatment of Fecal Incontinence
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation for Aortic Stenosis
Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization to Treat Primary or Metastatic Liver Malignancies
Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair
Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve Implantation
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as a Treatment of Depression and Other Psychiatric/Neurologic Disorders
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation
Transesophageal Endoscopic Therapies for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Transmyocardial Revascularization
Transtympanic Micropressure Applications as a Treatment of Meniere Disease 
Treatment of Hyperhidrosis
Treatment of Tinnitus
Treatment of Varicose Veins/Venous Insufficiency
Trigger Point and Tender Point Injections
Tumor Treatment Fields Therapy for Glioblastoma
Ultrafiltration in Decompensated Heart Failure
Ultrasonographic Measurement of Carotid Intima-Medial Thickness as an Assessment of Subclinical Atherosclerosis
Ultrasound Accelerated Fracture Healing Device
Urinary Tumor Markers for Bladder Cancer
Use of Common Genetic Variants (Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms) to Predict Risk of Nonfamilial Breast Cancer
Vagus Nerve Stimulation
Vagus Nerve Blocking Therapy for Treatment of Obesity
Vectra® DA Blood Test for Rheumatoid Arthritis
Vertebral Axial Decompression
Vertebral Fracture Assessment With Densitometr
Vertical Expandable Prosthetic Titanium Rib
Virtual Colonoscopy/Computed Tomography Colonography
Viscocanalostomy and Canaloplasty
Wearable Cardioverter-Defibrillator
Whole Body Dual X-Ray Absorptiometry to Determine Body Composition
Whole Exome and Whole Genome Sequencing for Diagnosis of Genetic Disorders
Whole Gland Cryoablation of Prostate Cancer
Wireless Capsule Endoscopy to DiagNose Disorders of the Small Bowel, Esophagus, and Colon

New and Updated Policies
Effective April 1, 2017

  • Accelerated Breast Irradiation and Brachytherapy Boost After Breast-Conserving Surgery for Early-Stage Breast Cancer
  • Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Myelodysplastic Syndromes and Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
  • Analysis of Human DNA in Stool Samples as a Technique for Colorectal Cancer Screening
  • Auditory Brainstem Implant
  • Chronic Intermittent Intravenous Insulin Therapy
  • Cleft Palate - Dental Related Services
  • Cochlear Implant
  • Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation and Auricular Electrostimulation
  • Dynamic Posturography
  • Elective Revascularization Utilizing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Non-Acute, Stable Coronary Artery Disease 
  • Extracorporeal Photopheresis
  • Eyelid Thermal Pulsation for the Treatment of Dry Eye Syndrome
  • Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Chronic Rhinosinusitis
  • Gastric Electrical Stimulation
  • Gene Expression Profiling for Uveal Melanoma
  • Genetic Testing for Alpha Thalassemia
  • Genetic Testing for CHARGE Syndrome
  • Genetic Testing for Dilated Cardiomyopathy
  • Genetic Testing for Epilepsy
  • Genetic Testing for Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy
  • Genetic Testing for Hereditary Pancreatitis
  • Genetic Testing for Lipoprotein(a) Variant(s) as a Decision Aid for Aspirin Treatment
  • Genetic Testing for Marfan Syndrome, Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms and Dissections, and Related Disorders
  • Genetic Testing for PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndrome
  • Genetic Testing for the Diagnosis of Inherited Peripheral Neuropathies
  • Handheld Radiofrequency Spectroscopy for Intraoperative Assessment of Surgical Margins During Breast-Conserving Surgery
  • Hysterectomy Surgery
  • Implantable Bone-Conduction and Bone-Anchored Hearing Aids
  • Implantable Infusion Pump for Pain and Spasticity
  • Implantable Sinus Stents for Postoperative Use Following Endoscopic Sinus Surgery and for Recurrent Sinus Disease
  • Intracavitary Balloon Catheter Brain Brachytherapy for Malignant Gliomas or Metastasis to the Brain
  • Intraocular Radiotherapy for Age-Related Macular Degeneration
  • Knee Braces
  • Lifestyle Modification Program for Reversing Heart Disease
  • Low-Level Laser Therapy
  • Lumbar Spine Surgery
  • Lung and Lobar Lung Transplant
  • Microprocessor-Controlled Prostheses for the Lower Limb 
  • Neurofeedback
  • Noninvasive Techniques for the Evaluation and Monitoring of Patients With Chronic Liver Disease
  • Optical Coherence Tomography of the Anterior Eye Segment
  • Proteomic Testing for Targeted Therapy in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer
  • Reduction Mammaplasty for Breast-Related Symptoms
  • Semi-Implantable and Fully Implantable Middle Ear Hearing Aids
  • Surgery for Groin Pain in Athletes
  • Surgical Deactivation of Headache Trigger Sites
  • Surgical Treatment of Bilateral Gynecomastia
  • Surgical Ventricular Restoration
  • Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation for Aortic Stenosis
  • Transmyocardial Revascularization
  • Transtympanic Micropressure Applications as a Treatment of Meniere Disease
  • Treatment of Tinnitus
  • Urinary Metabolite Tests for Adherence to Direct-Acting Antiviral Medications for Hepatitis C
  • Vagus Nerve Blocking Therapy for Treatment of Obesity 

New and Updated Policies
Effective March 1, 2017

  • Amniotic Membrane and Amniotic Fluid
  • Autologous Platelet-Derived Growth Factors for Wound Healing and Other Non‒Orthopedic Conditions
  • Automated Point-of-Care Nerve Conduction Tests
  • Bariatric Surgery DRAFT
  • Bioengineered Skin and Soft Tissue Substitutes
  • Cervical Spine Surgery Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency in Multiple Sclerosis
  • DNA-Based Testing for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
  • Epidural Spine Injections 
  • Facet Arthroplasty
  • Gene Expression Testing in the Evaluation of Patients With Stable Ischemic Heart Disease
  • General Approach to Evaluating the Utility of Genetic Panels
  • Genetic Testing for Alpha1-Antitrypsin Deficiency
  • Genetic Testing for Cardiac Ion Channelopathies
  • Genetic Testing for CHEK2 Mutations for Breast Cancer
  • Genetic Testing for FLT3, NPM1, and CEBPA Mutations in Cytogenetically Normal Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Genetic Testing for FMR1 Mutations (Including Fragile X Syndrome)
  • Genetic Testing for Inherited Thrombophilia
  • Genetic Testing for Lactase Insufficiency
  • Genetic Testing for Mitochondrial Disorders
  • Genetic Testing for Neurofibromatosis
  • Genetic Testing for the Diagnosis of Inherited Peripheral Neuropathies
  • Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  • Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors and Ependymoma
  • Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
  • Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Epithelial Ovarian Cancer
  • Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Miscellaneous Solid Tumors in Adults
  • Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Plasma Cell Dyscrasias, Including Multiple Myeloma and POEMS Syndrome
  • Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in the Treatment of Germ Cell Tumors
  • Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
  • Hysterectomy Surgery
  • Laboratory Testing for HIV Tropism
  • Lumbar Spine Surgery
  • Moderate Penetrance Variants Associated With Breast Cancer in Individuals at High Breast Cancer Risk
  • Negative Pressure Wound Therapy in the Outpatient Setting
  • Noncontact Ultrasound Treatment for Wounds
  • Noninvasive Fractional Flow Reserve Using Computed Tomography Angiography
  • Noninvasive Techniques for the Evaluation and Monitoring of Patients With Chronic Liver Disease
  • Optical Coherence Tomography for Imaging of Coronary Arteries
  • Paravertebral Facet Joint Denervation (Radiofrequency Neurolysis)
  • Paravertebral Facet Joint Injections or Blocks
  • Percutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation and Percutaneous Neuromodulation Therapy
  • Personalized Breast Cancer Screening Clinical Trial
  • Placental and Umbilical Cord Blood as a Source of Stem Cells
  • Positional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Sacral Nerve Neuromodulation/Stimulation
  • Sacroiliac Joint Injections
  • Scintimammography and Gamma Imaging of the Breast and Axilla
  • Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy
  • Thoracic Spine Surgery
  • Ultrasonographic Measurement of Carotid Intima-Medial Thickness as an Assessment of Subclinical Atherosclerosis
  • Whole Exome and Whole Genome Sequencing for Diagnosis of Genetic Disorders

New and Updated Policies
Effective February 1, 2017

  • Actigraphy
  • Artificial Pancreas Device Systems
  • Aqueous Shunts and Stents for Glaucoma
  • Bioengineered Skin and Soft Tissue Substitutes
  • Biofeedback as a Treatment of Fecal Incontinence or Constipation
  • Bone Turnover Markers for the Diagnosis and Management of Osteoporosis and Diseases Associated With High Bone Turnover
  • Carrier Testing for Genetic Diseases
  • Cellular Immunotherapy for Prostate Cancer
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid and Urinary Biomarkers of Alzheimer Disease
  • Chemical Peels
  • Computed Tomography to Detect Coronary Artery Calcification
  • Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy
  • Contrast-Enhanced Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography for Coronary Artery Evaluation
  • Dermatologic Applications of Photodynamic Therapy
  • Diagnosis and Medical Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome
  • Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency in Multiple Sclerosis
  • Digital Breast Tomosynthesis
  • Drug Testing in Pain Management and Substance Abuse Treatment
  • Endobronchial Brachytherapy
  • Endovascular Procedures for Intracranial Arterial Disease (Atherosclerosis and Aneurysms)
  • Esophageal pH Monitoring
  • Fecal Analysis in the Diagnosis of Intestinal Dysbiosis
  • Fecal Calprotectin Testing
  • Gene Expression Profiling and Protein Biomarkers for Prostate Cancer Management
  • General Approach to Evaluating the Utility of Genetic Panels
  • General Approach to Genetic Testing
  • Genetic Testing for Cardiac Ion Channelopathies
  • Genetic Testing for Dilated Cardiomyopathy
  • Genetic Testing for Predisposition to Inherited Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  • Genetic Testing for Statin-Induced Myopathy Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Primary Amyloidosis
  • Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Waldenström Macroglobulinemia
  • Home Cardiorespiratory Monitoring
  • Homocysteine Testing in the Screening, Diagnosis, and Management of Cardiovascular Disease and Venous Thromboembolic Disease
  • Image-Guided Minimally Invasive Lumbar Decompression for Spinal Stenosis
  • Immune Cell Function Assay
  • Implantable Infusion Pump
  • Interspinous and Interlaminar Stabilization/Distraction Devices (Spacers)
  • Interventions for Progressive Scoliosis
  • Intraoperative Radiotherapy
  • Isolated Small Bowel Transplant
  • Kidney Transplant
  • Laparoscopic and Percutaneous Techniques for the Myolysis of Uterine Fibroids
  • Laser Treatment of Onychomycosis
  • Light Therapy for Psoriasis
  • Light Therapy for Vitiligo
  • Measurement of Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2 in the Assessment of Cardiovascular Risk
  • Measurement of Serum Antibodies to Infliximab and Adalimumab
  • Miscellaneous Genetic and Molecular Diagnostic Tests
  • Molecular Markers in Fine Needle Aspirates of the Thyroid
  • Multimarker Serum Testing Related to Ovarian Cancer
  • Multispectral Digital Skin Lesion Analysis
  • Nerve Fiber Density Measurement
  • Nonpharmacologic Treatment of Rosacea
  • Novel Biomarkers in Risk Assessment and Management of Cardiovascular Disease
  • Oncologic Applications of Positron Emission Tomography Scanning
  • Percutaneous Left Atrial Appendage Closure Devices for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation
  • Peripheral Subcutaneous Field Stimulation
  • Personalized Breast Cancer Screening Clinical Trial
  • Pharmacogenic and Metabolite Markers for Patients Treated with Thiopurines
  • Polysomnography for Non-Respiratory Sleep Disorders
  • Progenitor Cell Therapy for the Treatment of Damaged Myocardium due to Ischemia
  • Reconstructive Services
  • Retinal Prosthesis
  • Serum Biomarker Human Epididymis Protein 4
  • Small Bowel/Liver and Multivisceral Transplant
  • Surgical Treatment of Snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome
  • Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction
  • Testing Serum Vitamin D Levels
  • Total Artificial Hearts and Implantable Ventricular Assist Devices
  • Transanal Radiofrequency Treatment of Fecal Incontinence
  • Transmyocardial Revascularization
  • Treatment of Varicose Veins/Venous Insufficiency
  • Vertical Expandable Prosthetic Titanium Rib 

New and Updated Policies
Effective January 1, 2017

  • Artificial Intervertebral Disc: Cervical Spine - Archived 
  • Artificial Intervertebral Disc: Lumbar Spine - Archived
  • Automated Percutaneous and Endoscopic Discectomy - Archived
  • Axial Lumbosacral Interbody Fusion - Archived
  • Baroreflex Stimulation Devices
  • Biofeedback as a Treatment of Headache
  • Biofeedback as a Treatment of Urinary Incontinence in Adults
  • Biofeedback for Miscellaneous Indications
  • Cardiac Applications of Positron Emission Tomography Scanning 
  • Cervical Spinal Fusion - Archived
  • Computer-Assisted Musculoskeletal Surgical Navigational Orthopedic Procedure
  • Decompression of the Intervertebral Disc Using Laser Energy (Laser Discectomy) or Radiofrequency Coblation (Nucleoplasty) - Archived
  • DiagNosis and Treatment of Sacroiliac Joint Pain - Archived
  • Discectomy - Archived
  • DNA-Based Testing for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
  • Electrocardiographic Body Surface Mapping
  • Electromyography and Nerve Conduction Studies 
  • Endoscopic Radiofrequency Ablation or Cryoablation for Barrett Esophagus 
  • Epidural Steroid Injections for Back Pain - Archived
  • Facet Arthroplasty 
  • Facet Joint Denervation - Archived
  • Facet Joint Injections and Facet Joint Nerve Blocks - Archived
  • Gene Expression Testing to Predict Coronary Artery Disease
  • Genetic Testing for Alpha Thalassemia
  • Genetic Testing for CHARGE Syndrome
  • Genetic Testing for Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy
  • Genetic Testing for FLT3, NPM1, and CEBPA Mutations in Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Genetic Testing for Hereditary Breast/Ovarian Cancer Syndrome (BRCA1 or BRCA2)
  • Genetic Testing of CADASIL Syndrome
  • Intracellular Micronutrient Analysis
  • Isolated Small Bowel Transplant
  • Laminectomy - Archived
  • Lipid Apheresis 
  • Lumbar Spinal Fusion - Archived
  • Monitored Anesthesia Care
  • Myoelectric Prosthetic Components for the Upper Limb 
  • Paraspinal Surface Electromyography to Evaluate and Monitor Back Pain
  • Patient-Specific Cutting Guides and Custom Knee Implants
  • Percutaneous Balloon Kyphoplasty and Mechanical Vertebral Augmentation  
  • Percutaneous Intradiscal Electrothermal Annuloplasty and Percutaneous Intradiscal Radiofrequency Annuloplasty - Archived
  • Plugs for Anal Fistula Repair
  • Prolotherapy
  • Subtalar Arthroereisis
  • Surgical Treatment of Femoroacetabular Impingement
  • UltrasoNographic Measurement of Carotid Intima-Medial Thickness as an Assessment of Subclinical Atherosclerosis
  • Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillators
  • Wireless Capsule Endoscopy to DiagNose Disorders of the Small Bowel, Esophagus, and Colon

New and Updated Policies
Effective December 30, 2016

  • Dynamic Spinal Visualization
  • Pneumatic Compression Pumps for Treatment of Lymphedema and VeNous Ulcers
  • InterspiNous Fixation (Fusion) Devices
  • Knee Braces
  • Real-Time Intra-Fraction Motion Management During Radiation Therapy - Archived

New and Updated Policies
Effective December 1, 2016

  • Adipose-Derived Stem Cells in Autologous Fat Grafting to the Breast
  • Adjustable Cranial Orthoses for Positional Plagiocephaly and Craniosynostoses
  • Aqueous Shunts and Stents for Glaucoma
  • Autologous Fat Grafting to the Breast and Adipose-Derived Stem Cells
  • Beta-Amyloid Imaging With Positron Emission Tomography for Alzheimer Disease
  • Chromoendoscopy as an Adjunct to Colonoscopy
  • Chromosomal Microarray Analysis for the Evaluation of Pregnancy Loss
  • Circulating Tumor DNA and Circulating Tumor Cells for Cancer Management (Liquid Biopsy)
  • Computed Tomography Perfusion Imaging of the Brain
  • Cooling Devices Used in the Outpatient Setting
  • Expanded Molecular Panel Testing of Cancers to Identify Targeted Therapies
  • External Insulin Infusion Pump
  • Extracorporeal Shock Wave Treatment for Plantar Fasciitis and Other Musculoskeletal Conditions
  • Fecal Microbiota Transplantation 
  • First-Trimester Detection of Down Syndrome Using Fetal Ultrasound Markers Combined With Maternal Serum Assessment - Archived
  • Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Chronic Rhinosinusitis
  • Genetic and Protein Biomarkers for the Diagnosis and Cancer Risk Assessment of Prostate Cancer
  • Ingestible pH and Pressure Capsule
  • Intravenous Antibiotic Therapy and Associated Diagnostic Testing for Lyme Disease
  • Magnetic Esophageal Sphincter Augmentation to Treat Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Detection and Diagnosis of Breast Cancer
  • Molecular Analysis for Targeted Therapy of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer
  • Noninvasive Prenatal Screening for Fetal Aneuploidies and Microdeletions Using Cell-Free Fetal DNA
  • Novel Biomarkers in Risk Assessment and Management of Cardiovascular Disease
  • Pelvic Floor Stimulation as a Treatment of Urinary and Fecal Incontinence
  • Peroral Endoscopic Myotomy for Treatment of Esophageal Achalasia
  • Power Wheelchairs and Power Operated Vehicles for Permanent Use
  • Surgical Interruption of Pelvic Nerve Pathways for Primary and Secondary Dysmenorrhea - Archived
  • Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery
  • Transesophageal Endoscopic Therapies for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
  • Whole Gland Cryoablation of Prostate Cancer

New and Updated Policies
Effective November 1, 2016

  • Auditory Brainstem Implant
  • Beta-Amyloid Imaging With Positron Emission Tomography for Alzheimer Disease
  • Catheter Ablation for Cardiac Arrhythmias
  • Computer-Aided Evaluation of Malignancy With Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Breast
  • Continuous Passive Motion in the Home Setting
  • Donor Lymphocyte Infusion for Malignancies Treated with an Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplant - Archived
  • Dopamine Transporter Imaging With Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography
  • Drug Testing in Pain Management and Substance Abuse Treatment
  • Endometrial Ablation
  • External Insulin Infusion Pump
  • Focal Treatments for Prostate Cancer
  • Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain
  • Gene Expression Profiling for Uveal Melanoma
  • Genetic Testing for Developmental Delay/Intellectual Disability, Autism Spectrum Disorder, and Congenital Anomalies
  • Hysterectomy Surgery
  • Image-Guided Minimally Invasive Lumbar Decompression for Spinal Stenosis
  • Injectable Bulking Agents for the Treatment of Urinary and Fecal Incontinence
  • Injectable Clostridial Collagenase for Fibroproliferative Disorders
  • Interim Positron Emission Tomography Scanning in Oncology to Detect Early Response During Treatment
  • Lower Limb Prostheses
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Monitor the Integrity of Silicone Gel-Filled Breast Implants
  • Miscellaneous (Noncardiac, Nononcologic) Applications of Fluorodeoxyglucose F 18 Positron Emission Tomography
  • Myocardial Sympathetic Innervation Imaging in Patients With Heart Failure
  • Positron Emission Mammography
  • Radioactive Seed Localization of Nonpalpable Breast Lesions
  • Radiofrequency Ablation of Miscellaneous Solid Tumors Excluding Liver Tumors
  • Radiofrequency Ablation of the Renal Sympathetic Nerves as a Treatment for Resistant Hypertension
  • Radioimmunoscintigraphy (Monoclonal Antibody Imaging) With Indium 111 Capromab Pendetide for Prostate Cancer
  • Rapid Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) Testing - Archived
  • Regional Sympathetic Blocks
  • Reproductive Techniques
  • Steroid Injections to the Knee and/or Shoulder 
  • Thermography
  • Total Artificial Hearts and Implantable Ventricular Assist Devices 
  • Trigger Point and Tender Point Injections
  • Ultrasound Accelerated Fracture Healing Device
  • Vertebral Fracture Assessment With Densitometry
  • Virtual Colonoscopy/Computed Tomography Colonography

New and Updated Policies
Effective October 1, 2016

  • Allergy Testing - Archived
  • Balloon Ostial Dilation for Treatment of Chronic Sinusitis
  • Cryosurgical Ablation of Miscellaneous Solid Tumors Other Than Liver, Prostate, or Dermatologic Tumors
  • Diagnosis and Treatment of Sacroiliac Joint Pain
  • Enhanced External Counterpulsation
  • Functional Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation
  • Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy of the Breast and Lung
  • Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy: Abdomen and Pelvis
  • Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy: Cancer of the Head and Neck or Thyroid
  • Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy: Central Nervous System Tumors
  • Laparoscopic and Percutaneous Techniques for the Myolysis of Uterine Fibroids
  • Manipulation Under Anesthesia
  • Multigene Expression Assay for Predicting Recurrence in Colon Cancer
  • Occlusion of Uterine Arteries Using Transcatheter Embolization
  • Ophthalmologic Techniques for Evaluating Glaucoma
  • Optical Coherence Tomography of the Anterior Eye Segment
  • Ovarian and Internal Iliac Vein Embolization as a Treatment of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome
  • Prostatic Urethral Lift
  • Radioembolization for Primary and Metastatic Tumors of the Liver
  • Radiofrequency Ablation of Primary or Metastatic Liver Tumors
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation for Aortic Stenosis
  • Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization to Treat Primary or Metastatic Liver Malignancies
  • Tumor Treatment Fields Therapy for Glioblastoma
  • Urine Drug Testing in Pain Management and Substance Abuse Treatment