How does COVID-19 spread?
COVID-19 is spread similarly to other respiratory illnesses – including cold and flu. This can include:
- airborne transmission through coughing and sneezing
- close contact with someone who has the virus
- touching contaminated surfaces
Who is most at risk from COVID-19?
Most people can contract or transmit the virus and have few symptoms or recover quickly. Those most at-risk for severe symptoms are:
- Healthcare workers
- Older adults
- People with poor immune systems
- People with underlying health conditions like diabetes, heart disease, or lung disease
Children and pregnant women do not appear to be at risk for severe symptoms of COVID-19.
What can I do to minimize my risk?
We recommend that you follow the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) everyday guidelines to prevent the spread of any respiratory illness – including COVID-19.
Keep it clean
- Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces. You can use a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
Practice social distancing
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- Avoid large gatherings and crowds.
If you get sick
- Stay home when you are sick.
- Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
- Wash hands often, clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily.
- Wear a mask when you are around other people.
The CDC does not recommend that people who are well wear a face mask. They should only be used by medical personnel and people who show symptoms of COVID-19 to help prevent the spread of the virus to others.