How does COVID-19 spread?

COVID-19 is spread similarly to other respiratory illnesses – including cold and flu. This can include:

  • airborne transmission through coughing and sneezing
  • close contact with someone who has the virus
  • touching contaminated surfaces

Who is most at risk from COVID-19?

Most people can contract or transmit the virus and have few symptoms or recover quickly. Those most at-risk for severe symptoms are:

  • Healthcare workers
  • Older adults
  • People with poor immune systems
  • People with underlying health conditions like diabetes, heart disease, or lung disease

Children and pregnant women do not appear to be at risk for severe symptoms of COVID-19.

What can I do to minimize my risk?

We recommend that you follow the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) everyday guidelines to prevent the spread of any respiratory illness – including COVID-19. 

Keep it clean

  • Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces. You can use a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.

Practice social distancing

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Avoid large gatherings and crowds.

If you get sick

  • Stay home when you are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.  
  • Wash hands often, clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily.
  • Wear a mask when you are around other people.

The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus. Everyone should wear a cloth face cover when they have to go out in public. The cloth face cover is mainly meant to protect other people in case you are infected. Preventing transmission of the virus works best when everyone is wearing masks. Learn more about how to make your own mask at home.

How can I stay healthy while at home and lower my risk of getting sick?

Stress, lack of movement, and poor eating choices can easily erode your health during the shelter in place. Healthy eating and self-care can be a great way to lower your risk of getting sick. Our virtual Wellvolution programs can help you eat better, manage stress, and even treat chronic conditions like diabetes. Our programs and nutrition coaches support a healthy immune system using food you are already eating and recommending activities you can do at home. Programs are available to most Blue Shield of California and Blue Shield of California Promise Health Plan members at no additional cost. 
Find a program that’s right for you and your lifestyle (even while you’re at home) at 

Please note: Medi-Cal and some self-funded employer-sponsored plans do not have access to Wellvolution. Please contact the member services number on your ID card if you’re not sure if you have access to Wellvolution.